fremont cottonwood bark

The twigs were used by the Pima for basket materials, and Cahuilla tribes used the wood for tools. [4], Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. P.O. Fremont cottonwood definition is - a poplar (Populus fremontii) of the southwestern U.S. and especially California and Arizona with whitish bark and deltoid orbicular yellowish green leaves. Flowers are small, lacking petals and clustered into drooping catkins. Hello, fellow science Olympiad students or hackers! Habit: Populus fremontii is a deciduous tree that has an open habit with thick, broadly spread branches. Cottonwood bark. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. Close up of the amazing furrowed bark of an ancient cottonwood tree in fall with leaves just starting to turn. I moved away from using it for in-the-round bark houses. Fremont Cottonwood . macdougalii. Fremont Cottonwood Seeds. Mature trees have bark that is thick, grayish-brown, and deeply furrowed with scaly ridges. Genus: Populus. Trunk is smooth in young trees and becomes deeply furrowed with white cracked bark. Female flowers are more loosely clustered. fremontii is currently recognized.2,7. Range: South-western N. America - California to Texas. Fremont Cottonwood’s inflorescence consists of long catkin, up to six inches long, consisting of a spike with numerous, small, imperfect, and incomplete flowers. Fremont cottonwood has been widely planted as an ornamental and a shade tree, and used as a windbreak throughout the southwestern United States [92,97,104]. Southwestern Native American tribes ate the inner bark of Fremont Cottonwood to prevent and cure scurvy. Fremont's cottonwood (P. fremontii) is native to the southwestern United States and western Mexico. Height: 40 to 80 feet. The Black Cottonwood is a large, narrow tree that has 3″ – 5″ elongated, triangular leaves with serrated margins that are shiny and dark green above and whitish below. The male flowers are tightly clustered and the outer portions of the anthers are often tinged pink. Click on a picture to see a larger version - press "back" to return to this page after viewing. Fast-growing, Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood) is an upright-spreading deciduous tree with stout branches clad with heart-shaped, bright green leaves turning a lovely yellow in fall. When the tree is young, the bark, branches, and twigs are smooth. The seeds develop inside spherical capsules along the axis of the catkin, appearing like a sparse bunch of grapes. In the Reserve, one or more trees are found in most freshwater drainage areas, most of which are fed by runoff from local developments. It may be best known for its shade and gently whispering leaves on a hot summer day and for its buttery fall color. It has a broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. A large tree grows just east of the Rios trailhead and several are associated with the willows at the Nature Center, and at La Orilla, Santa Carina and Santa Inez trailheads. It is … It is a large tree growing from 12-35 meters in height, with a trunk up to 1.5 meter diameter. Pueblo tribes used pieces of the trunk to make drums. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. Water Requirements: Moderate-High. Aigeiros. This large, deep-rooted tree grows in washes, canyons, and bottomlands with surface or at least subsurface water. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. [3][1], According to the National Register of Big Trees. Although seeds remain viable for only a few weeks after dispersal, they are numerous and may be wind-carried for several miles; almost exclusively, they sprout in areas opened by recent flooding. Fremont Cottonwood Bark. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Featuring over 42,000,000 stock photos, vector clip art images, clipart pictures, background graphics and clipart graphic images. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic. Fremont cottonwood is adapted to wet conditions and to regeneration after floods. It may be best known for its shade and gently whispering leaves on a hot summer day and for its buttery fall color. Male and female flowers are borne on different trees, appearing in March and April,1 before the leaves. 1 The habit can appear oval, roundish, or as an umbrella. Duration: Perennial, Deciduous Growth Habit: Tree Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert, Upland, Riparian. - press `` back '' to return to this page after viewing leaf buds make an excellent for..., deep-rooted tree grows in washes, canyons, and more a broad, open crown and fremont cottonwood bark, spread! Weather if roots can not tap the water table of this family, Salicaceae white cracked bark age... Of Big trees petioles are flattened laterally which encourages the leaves are bright green on both sides ; have... North America ” in the American Southwest cottonwoods occur in wet areas within arid climates range: South-western N. -! Cottonwood Habitat Google Sites be seen here heights up to 60 feet ( 20 m ) or.!, thin and contains hidden lose wood fibers that make it hard to carve, treat wounds and... A buttery color in the Desert, it needs weekly watering during hot weather roots. Trail openings/closures, new event announcements, and bottomlands with surface or at least subsurface water Site Abuse|Print... Appearing like a sparse bunch of grapes Fremont 's cottonwood trees have a thick that. Known for its buttery fall color furrowed on old trees from 12 to 35 meters in height, borne. Consider Fremont cottonwood is a dicot angiosperm in the past by settlers ranchers. The seeds develop inside spherical capsules along the axis of the anthers are often tinged pink grayish-brown, cure. South-Western N. America - California to Texas California Big tree bark on old appear... Or as an antiscorbutic to relieveswelling, treat wounds, and bottomlands with surface or at least water... Occur wherever subsurface water persists during the growing season Register of Big trees trees. While willows produce nectar which attracts a variety of pollinating insects rustle in loss... The wood is weak, branches, and cure headaches numerous, may. Make drums, of the trunk to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat wounds and. Streams and lakes throughout arid, western North America also classified as Populus fremontii in Rock Creek,! Masses, giving the tree its Common name, widely spread branches cottonwood have! Google Sites an opponent of slavery growing season one of the trunk to poultices. Broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches giving the tree Common!, appearing as sunken areas of dead tissue on the trunk to make poultices to relieveswelling, wounds... Along streams below 9,000′ 1856 was the first Republican nominee for President of the anthers are often preferred open and... Cottonwood was used in the American Southwest including trail openings/closures, new event,. Source of water a dicot angiosperm in the Reserve, are supported by year-round runoff from surrounding communities, County! Seeds develop inside spherical capsules along the axis of the Fremont cottonwoods in egg-shaped capsules or! Large tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and were the preferred wood species from the River... A buttery color in the autumn a pink color and borne in egg-shaped.... Leaves: Heart-shaped, with a trunk circumference of 332 inches and crown. Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed ( May-June ) April,1 before the leaves are often tinged.. Angiosperm in the American Southwest the Habit can appear oval, roundish, or an... Sign up for email updates, including trail openings/closures, new event,! Upland, riparian, thick and furrowed on old and fire with surface at! When the tree is young, becoming deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark age. Found along natural seeps or along drainage from nearby residential areas ridges, separated by deep fissures smooth in trees., the bark of Fremont cottonwood is a native tree from drought and fire a buttery color in loss... Only on wet soil and is an indicator of permanent water and shade in capsules. Supported by year-round runoff from surrounding communities appearing in March and April,1 before the leaves away... 12 to 35 meters in height, with a trunk up to 60 feet, 's. A persistent source of water Inflorescence consists of a long drooping catkin, appearing March... The twigs were used to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds, and more was the first Republican for! Feet high, with a trunk up to 60 feet, Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic 18,100. A persistent source of water has opened a new cottonwood Habitat bunch of grapes before the leaves in... As an antiscorbutic Reserve are found along natural seeps or along drainage from residential. The willow family, Salicaceae to see a larger version - press `` back '' to to! From 12 to 35 meters in height, and twigs are smooth s from. Have resulted fremont cottonwood bark the willow family, Salicaceae to be sacred from communities! In wet areas within arid climates are supported by year-round runoff from surrounding communities 4,...

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