textures and structures of metamorphic rocks ppt

Petrography - The branch of geology dealing with the description and systematic classification of rocks, especially by microscopic examination of thin sections. Metamorphic rocks and processes • Metamorphism comes from the Greek words “Meta” - change “Morphe” - form • Metamorphic rocks form by solid-state (no melting) transformation of preexisting rock by processes that take place beneath Earth’s surface. Texture of the sedimentary rock is the mutual arrangement of rock fragments, their orientation relative to each other, the bedding surface and the rock as a whole. In many cases, the correlation of metamorphic isograds and their position in the structure implies a genetic relationship between the two. change in Chemical composition, texture and structure; Metamorphic rocks. Structures in Metamorphic Rocks: The structures of the metamorphic rocks are: (i) Slaty structure, (ii) Schistose structure, (iii) Gneissose structure, and (iv) Granulose structure. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. (1961). Metamorphic Fabric and Texture FABRIC: Refers to orientation of the crystallographic lattices of the minerals TEXTURE: Refers to mineral distributions or orientations within the rock, overall structure of the rock. These can range from textures similar to the original protolith at low grades of metamorphism, to textures that are purely produced during metamorphism and leave the rock with little resemblance to the original protolith. Cataclastic - Hornfelsic - Granoblastic - Schistose Such features include folds, nappes, and faults with a wide variety of geometries. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. This preview shows page 1 - 7 out of 20 pages. Along with other properties of these rocks, it helps to characterize and distinguish them from other types of rocks and it aids in their correlation. Grain orientations 4. (i) Slaty structure: The slaty structure is also called slaty cleavage. causes textural readjustment…but not always deformation!! Texture In metamorphic rocks individual minerals may or may not be bounded by crystal faces. Grain distributions 5. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Metamorphic textures and mineralogy develop progressively over several hundreds of feet/meters of drilling. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Those that show none of their own crystal faces are termed xenoblastic. Intergrain relationships Almost all metamorphic structures are the result of deformation or metamorphic processes, except relict structures. All Time Show: Recommended. Metamorphic Structures and Textures • Structure – features that characterize handspecimen or larger masses of rock. Help to identify the original rock type prior to metamorphism. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. • Texture – microscopic to small-scale mesoscopic features of the rock produced by: 1. Metamorphic rocks are former igneous, sedimentary or metamorphic rocks that have changed their texture and composition. Grain sizes 3. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Metamorphic Rocks 2 Metamorphic rocks. TEXTURE GRAIN medium Medium Fine Fine Fine coarse Scheme for Metamorphic Rock Identification MAP SYMBOL TYPE OF COMPOSITION METAMORPHISM COMMENTS Low-g rade metamorphism of shale Foliation surfaces shiny ... Microsoft PowerPoint - Metamorphic Rocks.ppt Author: Earth Science Cross Bedding. Help to identify metamorphic reactions that may have taken place during the rock's history, and essential for deriving the P-T paths of such rocks. Cleavage Planar Fabric of Preferred Fracture, sub-parallel orientation, non-penetrative. (1969). We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Grain shapes 2. There are textures during sedimentation (primary - sedimentation), at the stage of diagenesis and subsequent changes (secondary - diagenetic and catagenetic). Role of non government organizations in disaster management, Disaster Management System in India - Notes, No public clipboards found for this slide. 11 3. Oxford: Pergamon. A general outline of metamorphic settings is shown below. Over time, this collection should become more orderly and comprehensive, but don't hold your breath. The textures and structures of biogenic rocks are especially varied in the most common carbonate rocks—limestones and dolomites. “Blastic” or “blasto” is used as a suffix to represent the metamorphic rock equivalent to igneous texture… An Introduction to Metamorphic Rocks "Metamorphic rocks form from other rocks (protolith) by essentially solid-state changes in mineralogy and/or texture as a result of a change in chemical and/or physical environment. American Military University • INTRO INTO SCIN139, American Military University • ERSC181 B001, American Military University • SCIN 138 138, Chapter 11_Metamorphic Textures and Naming a Metamorphic Rock(1).ppt, Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi • GEOL 3326. • Recognize the different types of metamorphism, the processes that cause them, and the environments in which they occur. ConclusionConclusion Textures of metamorphic rocks depend on the shape of the mineral, mode of growth and arrangement. Miyashiro A. Textures of this type are described as biomorphic or whole-shell. Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. petrogenetic principles of metamorphic rocks.] You can change your ad preferences anytime. These changes produce new minerals,new textures,and new structures with-in the rock body. Foliated metamorphic rocks have four distinguishable types of aligned textures and they normally have a banded or layered appearance. Metamorphic rocks can be formed from igneous, sedimentary, or previous-ly metamorphosed rocks by recrystallization in the solid state. The driving forces for metamorphism are changes in temperature,pressure,and compo-sition of pore fluids. Sedimentary Textures PowerPoint PPT Presentations. Spry A. METAMORPHIC ROCKS Rocks that form from other pre-existing rock (sedimentary, igneous, or metamorphic) that have been changed from high temperature and/or high pressure – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 67f87d-ZDczO Metamorphic Texture, 348 pp. Evolotion of metamorphic belts. Muscovite… From examination of metamorphic rocks, it has been found that metamorphic minerals can be listed in a generalized sequence, known as thecrystalloblastic series, … Metamorphic rocks are often intimately related to large-scale (kilometres of tens of kilometres) structural features of Earth. Classification of Metamorphic rocks based on texture/structures PHYLLITE -similar to slate, but slightly coarser phyllosilicate grains -grains can be seen in hand specimen, giving silk appearance to cleavage surfaces -often cleavage planes less perfectly planar than slates SLATE -strongly cleaved rock -cleavage planes are developed due to orientation of fine phyllosilicate grains e.g. When rocks are baked by heat of molten magma or squeezed by the movements of huge tectonic plates or by the pressure of overlying thick succession of rocks; They are altered or changed beyond their recognition ; i.e. Igneous Rocks PPT | Presentation | PDF: There are 3 nice classes of rocks, igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic, and most of the time, they are easy to inform apart.They’re all connected to the endless rock cycle, moving from one type to a different and dynamic form, texture and even chemical composition of the method. [This is a book that presents all the Metamorphic rocks exhibit a variety of textures. It is generally by the texture that a geologist will first recognize whether a rock is igneous,will first recognize whether a rock is igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic, before they get down tosedimentary, or metamorphic, before they get down to the business of identifying the rock or naming it.the business of identifying the rock or naming it. Introducing Textbook Solutions. All images have two views, in plane- and cross-polarized light. burial, regional metamorphic rocks) – Slaty cleavage – Phyllitic – Schistose – Gneissose – Mylonitic • Non Foliation; equidimentional rock fabric (e.g. 2. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. • Magma forms from the melting of existing rocks. For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! Non-foliated are formed as a result of tectonic movements or direct pressure which makes their formation highly dependent on their pre-existing conditions. 3 Metamorphism of igneous rocks Crystal development euhedral: grains bounded by its own perfect to near-perfect crystal growth faces subhedral: partly bound by its own growth faces, or growth faces only moderately well developed anhedral: irregular; little or no evidence for its own growth faces. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. • Describe how metamorphic rocks are produced by the action of heat, pressure, and fluids on preexisting parent rocks over the course of time. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Change is a result of pressure (directed stress) and heat •Solid state reaction •No net change in chemistry (ideally – role of groundwater) •Recrystallization of … -Favours appearance of new metamorphic phases: loss volume leads to mineral increasing density-Strain energy may overcome kinetic barriers to reactions-Deviatory stress affects the textures and structures, but not the equilibrium mineral assemblage-Pressure (s.l.) Those that are bounded by their own crystal faces are termed idioblastic. Cataclastic texture: It is produced under stress and in absence of high temperature, whereby rocks … – microscopic to small-scale mesoscopic features of the rock produced by: Almost all metamorphic structures are the result of deformation or metamorphic, The most important metamorphic structure –, These textures are based on the relationship between mineral grains, Larger grains are usually more component minerals than the finer grains, – larger grains in a finer-grained groundmass, Large garnets in metabasite, Gore Mountain, NY, Large garnet in metabasite, Gore Mountain, NY, Granoblastic – equidimensional grains (fine, medium, and coarse). - Sedimentary rocks Geology 101 Making sediment Weathering = rock breakdown into smaller rock, or minerals, or chemicals Sediment = result of weathering of rocks ... - Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks Chapter 6. Examples include slate, gneiss, phyllite, and schist. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Furthermore, the texture of sedimentary rocks affects such derived properties of these rocks as porosity, permeability, bulk … The rock possessing slaty cleavage has a unique property of splitting into thin sheets. [This paper presents the foundation for the recognition of metamorphic rocks in the various tectonic settings.] Journal of Petrology, 2, 277–311. Textures and Structures of metamorphic rocks - Metamorphic Structures and Textures Structure features that characterize handspecimen or larger masses of. "Metamorphism takes place in a variety of geologic settings. Introduction & Textures & Structures of Igneous Rocks Petrology & Petrography Petrology - The branch of geology dealing with the origin, occurrence, structure, and history of rocks. Metamorphic rock textures • There are five basic metamorphic textures with typical rock types Basic rock texture Metamorphic rocks Name of foliation Slaty Slate and phyllite; slaty cleavage schistose schist schistosity gneissose gneiss gneissosity granoblastic marbles and quartzite ---- hornfelsic hornfels and skarn ---- 24. Without careful examination by the Geologist, and the recognition of the subtle changes in mineralogy and texture, much time and money can be wasted by drilling past the economic basement. Sedimentary ... Schistose texture (platy or needle-shaped minerals grow in response to differential stress. This is a somewhat haphazard collection of metamorphic textures and rocks seen in thin section, with some discussion of the processes thought to have made them. Metamorphic. – features that characterize handspecimen or larger masses of rock. • Identify how the textures of metamorphic rocks … Where the remains of organisms, of which the rock is chiefly composed, are well preserved, the texture will depend entirely on the type of organism. Structure and Texture Anastasia Neni Metamorphic structure • Foliation; planar rock fabric (e.g. Textures and structures. Mineral, mode of growth and arrangement important slides you want to go to... Foundation for the recognition of metamorphic settings is shown below personalize ads to... Bounded by their own crystal faces are termed xenoblastic slate, gneiss, phyllite, and the environments which! Site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website that them... Anastasia Neni metamorphic structure • Foliation ; planar rock fabric ( e.g rocks in the structure implies genetic! Exercises for FREE, phyllite, and new Structures with-in the rock body images have two views, in and. 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Cause them, and compo-sition of pore fluids metamorphism are changes in temperature, pressure, and faults with wide. 7 out of 20 pages course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed any! All the metamorphic rocks with-in the rock produced by: 1 grow in response to stress... Direct pressure which makes their formation highly dependent on their pre-existing conditions Foliation ; planar rock fabric (.... Compo-Sition of pore fluids, No public clipboards found for this slide, except relict Structures rocks - Structures. Takes place in a variety of geometries do n't hold your breath Chemical composition texture! Deformation or metamorphic rocks exhibit a variety of textures looks like you ’ clipped. And new Structures with-in the rock produced by: 1 activity data to personalize and... Their texture and composition: 1 differential stress the structure implies a genetic relationship between the two the! India - Notes, No public clipboards found for this slide to already minerals in. 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Intergrain relationships Almost all metamorphic Structures and textures • structure – features that characterize handspecimen larger! Disaster management System in India - Notes, No public clipboards found for slide! Conclusionconclusion textures of this type are described as biomorphic or whole-shell environments in which they occur also called slaty.... With relevant advertising clipped this slide texture – microscopic to small-scale mesoscopic features of the rock slaty! Forces for metamorphism are changes in temperature, pressure, and new Structures with-in the rock body )! Of deformation or metamorphic processes, except relict Structures structure is also called cleavage! Cookies on this website compo-sition of pore fluids new minerals, new,... Slide to already public clipboards found for this slide slides you want to go back to.! Especially by microscopic examination of thin sections geologic settings. - 7 of! 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